Lawmakers in Maryland and around the country are considering legislation that could affect electric vehicles and charging infrastructure. Bills under consideration include EV tax credits, anti-ICEing laws, “Right to Charge” and “EV Ready” ordinances. We are recording many of those bills as they are introduced and following their progress below.
United States Congress
S.1094 – Driving America Forward Act
A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to modify limitations on the credit for plug-in electric drive motor vehicles, and for other purposes.
Status: 4/10/19 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance.
Maryland (adjourned until 2020)
✅ = Passed – 🔄 = In Process
❌ = Failed — ⏹ = No Recent Action
|SB70||Hogan||HOV Lane||✅||✅||Vehicle Laws - HOV Lanes - Plug-In Electric Drive and Hybrid Vehicles||✅ Senate: Passed|
✅ House: Passed
|FOR the purpose of altering the termination date for certain provisions of law authorizing certain plug–in electric drive vehicles to use a high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane under certain circumstances regardless of the number of passengers in the vehicle; altering the termination date for certain provisions of law making certain authorizations regarding the use of certain HOV lanes by plug–in electric drive vehicles applicable to qualified hybrid vehicles; and generally relating to the use of HOV lanes by plug–in electric drive and hybrid vehicles.|
|HB1246||Fraser-Hidalgo||EV Tax Credit||✅||✅||Clean Cars Act of 2019||✅ House: Passed|
✅ Senate: Passed
|Making the vehicle excise tax credit for the purchase of certain electric vehicles permanent; authorizing certain individuals or business entities that do not receive a tax credit in a certain fiscal year to claim the credit during the next fiscal year; authorizing the tax credit, up to $1,500, for certain used vehicles; codifying a limit of $8,000,000 per year on the total amount of credits allowed; etc.|
|HB1255||Fraser-Hidalgo||School Buses||✅||✅||School Bus Purchasing - Zero-Emission Vehicle - Requirement||✅ House: Passed|
✅ Senate: Passed
|Requiring, beginning October 1, 2022, that each school bus purchased by a county board of education be a zero-emission vehicle; and requiring, beginning October 1, 2025, that each school bus purchased by a person for use under a contract with a county board to provide transportation services be a zero-emission vehicle.|
|HB826||Korman||HOA/Condo||✅||⏹||Electric Vehicle Recharging Equipment for Multi–Family Units Act||✅ House: Passed|
⏹ Senate: Died in JPR Committee
|Dead||House||Providing that certain provisions of a recorded covenant or restriction, a declaration, or the bylaws or rules of a condominium or homeowners association are void and unenforceable; establishing certain requirements and procedures relating to an application to the governing body of a condominium or homeowners association to install or use electric vehicle recharging equipment; requiring certain owners of electric vehicle recharging equipment to be responsible for certain costs and disclosures; etc.|
|SB998||Hershey||PSC EV Pilot||⏹||Public Service Commission – Electric Vehicle Infrastructure – Prior Authorization||⏹ Senate: Hearing 3/19, Finance||Dead||Senate||Prohibiting the Public Service Commission from establishing or continuing a certain electric vehicle charging station infrastructure pilot program unless the General Assembly enacts a law authorizing the program; and establishing the intent of the General Assembly that any law related to electric vehicle charging station infrastructure take into account the use of trust fund resources available for light-duty, zero-emission vehicle supply equipment from the Volkswagen Partial Consent Decree.|
|HB1331||Miller||PSC EV Pilot||⏹||Public Utilities - Electric Vehicle Charging Station Infrastructure - Task Force||⏹ House: First Reading House Rules and Executive Nominations||Dead||Prohibiting the Public Service Commission from establishing or continuing a certain pilot program until the Task Force to Study Electric Vehicle Charging Station Infrastructure submits a report to the Governor and General Assembly and the General Assembly enacts a law to approve the pilot program; establishing the Task Force to Study Electric Vehicle Charging Station Infrastructure; requiring the Task Force to report its recommendations by January 1, 2020; etc.|
|SB78||Young||EV Tax Credit||⏹||Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Excise Tax Credit - Sunset - Repeal||⏹ Senate: Hearing 1/30, Budget and Taxation||Dead||Senate||FOR the purpose of making the vehicle excise tax credit for the purchase of certain plug–in electric drive vehicles permanent; authorizing certain individuals or business entities that do not receive a tax credit in a certain fiscal year to claim the credit during the next fiscal year; requiring the Maryland Energy Administration to use the Maryland Strategic Energy Investment Fund to reimburse the Transportation Trust Fund for certain reductions in revenues; requiring the Comptroller, each fiscal year, to transfer a certain amount from the Maryland Strategic Energy Investment Fund to the Transportation Trust Fund; codifying a certain limit on the total amount of credits allowed; repealing obsolete provisions; and generally relating to a vehicle excise tax credit for plug–in electric drive vehicles.|
|SB168||Hogan||Clean Cars Act of 2019||⏹||Clean Cars Act of 2019||⏹ Senate: Hearing 2/12, Finance||Dead||Senate||Expanding the vehicle excise tax credit for the purchase of certain plug-in electric drive vehicles to include the purchase of certain fuel cell electric vehicles; providing that the credit for a fuel cell electric vehicle may not exceed $3,000; changing the name of the Maryland Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Council to the Maryland Zero Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Council; altering the membership and required activities of the Council; requiring the Council to issue an interim report on or before December 1, 2019; etc.|
|HB0151||Hogan||Clean Cars Act of 2019||❌||Clean Cars Act of 2019||❌ House: Unfavorable Report 3/29, Environment and Transportation||Failed||House||Expanding the vehicle excise tax credit for the purchase of certain plug-in electric drive vehicles to include the purchase of certain fuel cell electric vehicles; providing that the credit for a fuel cell electric vehicle may not exceed $3,000; changing the name of the Maryland Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Council to the Maryland Zero Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Council; altering the membership and required activities of the Council; requiring the Council to issue an interim report on or before December 1, 2019; etc.|
|HB72||Korman||EV Incentives||❌||Extension of Electric Vehicle Incentives Act||❌ House: Withdrawn||Withdrawn||House||Establishing the Fiscal Year 2017 Electric Vehicle Recharging Equipment Rebate Program to provide rebates to individuals who purchased qualified equipment in fiscal year 2017 but did not receive the rebate; limiting the rebate to an applicant who owns the equipment on the date the applicant applies for the rebate; allowing a credit against the motor vehicle excise tax for certain qualified plug-in electric drive vehicles; limiting the credit to certain vehicle owners; terminating the Act after June 30, 2020; etc.|
|HB1180||Fraser-Hidalgo||EV Tax Credit||❌||Maryland Energy Administration - Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Rebate Program||❌ House: Unfavorable Report 3/11, Environment and Transportation; Withdrawn||Withdrawn||Establishing a Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Rebate Program; requiring the Maryland Energy Administration to administer the Program; authorizing certain persons to apply to the Administration in fiscal years 2021 through 2023 for a rebate for the cost of acquiring certain electric vehicles; authorizing the Administration to issue a $3,000 rebate for certain new vehicles and a $1,500 rebate for certain used vehicles; providing that, for each fiscal year, the total amount of rebates issued may not exceed $8,000,000; etc.|
|SB822||Lam||HOA/Condo||❌||Real Property - Installation and Use of Electric Vehicle Recharging Equipment||❌ Senate: Unfavorable Report 3/4, Judicial Proceedings; Withdrawn||Withdrawn||Providing that certain provisions of a recorded covenant or restriction, a declaration, or the bylaws or rules of a condominium or homeowners association are void and unenforceable; establishing certain requirements and procedures relating to an application to the governing body of a condominium or homeowners association to install or use electric vehicle recharging equipment; requiring certain owners of electric vehicle recharging equipment to be responsible for certain costs and disclosures; etc.|
|SB316||Lam||Anti-ICEing||❌||Vehicle Laws - Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicles - Reserved Parking Spaces||❌ Senate: Unfavorable Report 3/4, Judicial Proceedings||Failed||Senate||Prohibiting a person from stopping, standing, or parking a vehicle that is not a plug-in electric drive vehicle in a parking space that is designated for the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles; requiring that a parking space for the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles have certain pavement markings; requiring that a parking space for the use of plug-in electric drive vehicles be counted as part of the overall number of parking spaces for certain purposes; establishing a civil penalty of $50 for a violation of the Act; etc.|
|SB987||Lam||EV-Ready||❌||Public Safety - Building Codes - Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure||❌ Senate: Unfavorable Report 3/21, Judicial Proceedings||Failed||Senate||Requiring, if a certain new building includes the creation of 20 or more parking spaces, 5% of the parking spaces to contain certain electric vehicle charging infrastructure; requiring an electrical room of a new building to be designed to accommodate electrical and distribution equipment needed to serve at least 20% of certain parking spaces; requiring installation of electric vehicle charging infrastructure to meet certain specifications; requiring that a certain raceway be extended to a certain location; etc.|
Virginia (adjourned until 2020)
HB 1934 – Electric vehicle charging stations; operation by state agencies.
Authorizes any agency of state government to locate and operate a retail fee-based electric vehicle charging station on property the agency controls. The bill exempts state agencies from being considered a public utility solely because of the sale of electric vehicle charging service or the ownership or operation of an electric vehicle charging station and further exempts such service from constituting the retail sale of electricity. Currently such provisions are applicable to the Department of Conservation and Recreation when operating a retail fee-based electric vehicle charging station on property of any existing state park or similar recreational facility the Department controls.
Status: 02/06/19 Senate: Referred to Committee on General Laws and Technology
02/05/19 House: VOTE: Passed (69-Y 30-N)
02/20/19 Senate: VOTE: Passed with substitute (31-Y 9-N)
HP 442 – An Act To Provide Purchase Rebates for Battery Electric Vehicles
This bill establishes an electric vehicle rebate program to be administered by the Efficiency Maine Trust that, beginning July 1, 2020, allows a person who purchases or leases an eligible battery electric vehicle to apply for and, as resources allow, receive a direct rebate of $2,500 if the person meets certain eligibility criteria. The bill also provides a General Fund appropriation of $500,000 to support the direct rebates to be made available under the program.
Status: 2/5/19, Referred to Committee on Energy Utilities and Technology.
SP 191 – An Act To Create an Electric Vehicle Tax Credit
This bill provides an income tax credit for the purchase of a new plug-in electric- drive motor vehicle that is eligible for a federal income tax credit. The credit is $300 plus $50 for each kilowatt-hour of battery capacity in excess of 5 kilowatt-hours up to a maximum credit of $1,500.
Status: Hearing 2/20/19 at 1:00 PM, State House Room 127.
SB 114 – AN ACT relating to vehicles; imposing a surcharge on the sale of electric service to charge the battery of an electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle;
Section 5 of this bill imposes a 10 percent surcharge on the sale of electric service to charge the battery of an electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. Section 5 requires any person who sells electric service for such a purpose to impose and collect the surcharge at the time the electric service is sold and to remit all amounts collected to the Department of Motor Vehicles monthly.
Status: 2/4/19, Read first time. To committee.
HB 1405 – A BILL for an Act to create and enact a new section to chapter 39‑10 and a new subdivision to subsection 2 of section 39‑06.1‑06 of the North Dakota Century Code, relating to prohibiting blocking parking spaces for electric vehicles; and to provide a penalty.
An individual may not park or leave standing a vehicle in a stall or space designated for charging and parking a vehicle, unless the individual’s vehicle is connected for electric charging purposes.
Status: 2/14/19, House: Passed (63 to 27)
2/18/19, Senate: Referred to Political Subdivisions Committee.
SB 2061 – A BILL for an Act to create and enact a new section to chapter 39‑04 of the North Dakota Century Code, relating to a road use fee for electric and hybrid vehicles; and to provide for a legislative management study.
In addition to all other fees required under this chapter for registration of a motor vehicle, the department shall collect at the beginning of each annual registration period: a. An electric vehicle road use fee of $110 for each electric vehicle registered. b. A hybrid vehicle road use fee of $50 for each hybrid vehicle registered..
Status: 2/14/19, Senate: Passed (26 to 19)
2/18/19 House: Committee Hearing
Grove City, Ohio
C-56-18 – Ordinance – Electric Vehicle Charging Station Grant Program.
Appropriate $25,000.00 from the General Fund for the current expense of funding the Electric Vehicle Charging Station Grant Program.
Status: 1/22/19 Vote FAILED 2-3 (sponsor intends to reintroduce a modified bill) Video
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